Discover the mystical allure of the 12 Jyotirlinga Temples in India, sacred sites of utmost reverence for devout Hindus. Revered as the holiest abodes of Lord Shiva, these ancient shrines are sprinkled across the diverse landscape of India. Each Jyotirlinga holds a divine significance, representing a distinct manifestation of Lord Shiva’s radiant energy.
From the towering Kedarnath in the northern Himalayas to the serene Rameswaram in the southern tip of the subcontinent, these temples beckon pilgrims and spiritual seekers alike. Embark on a soul-stirring journey to experience the profound spirituality and architectural splendor of the 12 Jyotirlinga in India.
Using this article, we will know about the list of jyotirling in india. Which are:-
Somnath Jyotirlinga – Prabhas Patan, Saurashtra, Gujarat
Somnath Jyotirlinga, located in Prabhas Patan, Saurashtra, Gujarat, is one of the most revered temples in India. Steeped in ancient history, it has been a sacred pilgrimage site for devotees for centuries. The original temple was believed to be built by the moon god, Som, in gold.
However, it suffered destruction and reconstruction multiple times due to invasions. The present magnificent temple stands as a symbol of resilience and faith, rebuilt under the patronage of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva, the first of the twelve revered Jyotirlingas.
Opening and Closing Time:
The temple opens early in the morning and closes in the evening.
How to Reach Somnath Jyotirlinga:
Somnath Jyotirlinga is well-connected by various means of transportation. The nearest railway station is Veraval, which is just a few kilometers away from the temple. Veraval is also well-connected by road to major cities in Gujarat.
For those arriving by air, Keshod Airport is the closest airport, approximately 60 kilometers away. From there, taxis and buses are available to reach the temple.
Things to Do at Somnath Jyotirlinga:
- Seek Blessings: Participate in the aarti (prayer ceremony) and seek the divine blessings of Lord Shiva at the Jyotirlinga.
- Sound and Light Show: Witness the enthralling sound and light show that narrates the temple’s historical significance in an engaging manner.
- Triveni Sangam: Visit the Triveni Sangam, where the rivers Hiran, Kapila, and Saraswati merge into the Arabian Sea, which is considered spiritually significant.
- Prabhas Patan Museum: Explore the nearby Prabhas Patan Museum to learn about the region’s rich cultural and historical heritage.
- Sunset Views: Experience the captivating sunset over the Arabian Sea from the temple premises, creating a serene and picturesque atmosphere.
Visiting Somnath Jyotirlinga is not only a religious experience but also an opportunity to immerse oneself in the rich history and spirituality that this revered Jyotirlinga holds in the heart of India.
Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga – Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh
Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga, situated in Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh, holds immense religious significance. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati were married on the sacred hill of Srisailam. The temple’s history dates back to ancient times and has been revered by devotees for centuries.
Opening and Closing Time:
The temple of Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga opens early in the morning and remains accessible for devotees till late evening. Specific opening and closing times may vary depending on the day and religious events.
How to Reach:
Srisailam is well-connected by road and is approximately 212 kilometers from Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Visitors can reach Srisailam by buses, private taxis, or their own vehicles. Nearest airports include Hyderabad and Vijayawada, from where one can avail further transportation options.
Things to do in Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga:
- Darshan: Seek blessings of Lord Shiva at the sacred Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga and experience the divine aura of the temple.
- Pathala Ganga: Visit the Pathala Ganga, a holy river located near the temple, and take a dip in its sacred waters.
- Akka Mahadevi Caves: Explore the ancient Akka Mahadevi Caves, believed to be the dwelling place of a revered saint and poetess, Akka Mahadevi.
- Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary: Nature enthusiasts can venture into the nearby Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary, known for its diverse flora and fauna.
- Srisailam Dam: Witness the majestic Srisailam Dam, an engineering marvel, and enjoy the picturesque views of the surrounding landscape.
- Patala Ganga Rope Way: Take a thrilling ride on the Patala Ganga Rope Way, providing panoramic views of the surroundings.
- Attend Festivals: If possible, participate in the vibrant festivals celebrated at the temple, such as Mahashivaratri and Navaratri, for an enriching cultural experience.
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga – Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, located in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, is one of the most revered Jyotirlinga temples in India. Its history dates back to ancient times, with mentions in various Hindu scriptures and texts. The temple’s significance lies in housing the Swayambhu lingam, a self-manifested lingam of Lord Shiva, believed to possess immense spiritual power. Over the centuries, the temple has been renovated and expanded by different rulers, reflecting a blend of architectural styles.
Opening and Closing Time:
The Mahakaleshwar Temple opens its doors to devotees early in the morning, around 4:00 AM. The temple remains open throughout the day until the evening. After the evening rituals, the temple closes around 10:00 PM.
How to Reach:
Ujjain is well-connected by road, rail, and air, making it accessible from major cities in India. The nearest airport is Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport in Indore, approximately 55 kilometers away. Ujjain Junction serves as a major railway station with regular train services. Additionally, state and private buses operate to and from Ujjain, connecting it to neighboring cities and states.
Things to Do:
- Darshan and Worship: Experience the divine presence by offering prayers and seeking blessings at the sacred Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga.
- Attend Bhasma Aarti: Witness the unique Bhasma Aarti, where the lingam is adorned with sacred ash, a spiritually enriching sight that occurs in the early morning.
- Visit Kshipra River: Pay a visit to the nearby Kshipra River, considered holy, and take part in a soul-cleansing ritual.
- Explore Ujjain City: Explore the historical city of Ujjain, which holds a rich cultural heritage and houses other ancient temples and sites of interest.
- Participate in Festivals: If your visit coincides with major festivals like Mahashivratri, Navratri, or Kartik Ekadashi, participate in the vibrant celebrations that draw devotees from far and wide.
- Astrological Consultations: Ujjain is also renowned for its Jyotish (astrology) tradition. Seek astrological consultations from experts if you are interested in exploring this aspect of the city’s culture.
Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga – Mandhata Island, Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh
Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga temples in India and is located on the Mandhata Island in the Narmada River, near Khandwa district in Madhya Pradesh. This sacred shrine is dedicated to Lord Shiva and holds great religious significance for Hindu devotees.
The history of Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga dates back to ancient times and is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology. According to legends, the temple’s location is said to resemble the shape of the sacred Hindu symbol ‘Om’ when viewed from above, hence the name “Omkareshwar.” The temple has witnessed various dynasties ruling the region, and its architecture showcases a blend of ancient and medieval styles.
Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is highly revered by Shaivites, and it is believed that a visit to this temple grants spiritual bliss and liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The Jyotirlinga represents one of the manifestations of Lord Shiva’s divine light and cosmic power.
The temple’s architecture showcases the traditional Nagara style, with intricate carvings and sculptures adorning its walls and pillars. The main sanctum houses the Jyotirlinga, which is the focal point of worship. The temple’s location on the picturesque Mandhata Island adds to its allure, attracting pilgrims and tourists alike.
Pilgrimage and Festivals:
Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga attracts a significant number of devotees throughout the year, especially during major Hindu festivals like Mahashivratri, Shravan month, and Kartik month. Pilgrims often undertake a parikrama (circumambulation) of the island, which is considered highly auspicious.
How to Reach:
Omkareshwar is well-connected by road and can be accessed from Khandwa, which is the nearest major city. The temple can be reached by boats, as the Mandhata Island is surrounded by the Narmada River.
A visit to Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga offers a profound spiritual experience, surrounded by serene natural beauty and the divine presence of Lord Shiva. The rhythmic chants and rituals performed by priests create a tranquil atmosphere that resonates with the essence of devotion and faith.
Kedarnath Jyotirlinga – Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is also one of the 12 sacred Jyotirlinga temples in India and holds immense religious significance in Hindu mythology. Situated in the breathtaking Garhwal Himalayan range near the Mandakini River in Uttarakhand, Kedarnath is a revered pilgrimage destination dedicated to Lord Shiva.
History and Mythology:
The history of Kedarnath Jyotirlinga dates back to ancient times, with references in various Hindu scriptures and Puranas. According to mythology, after the great Kurukshetra War, the Pandavas sought forgiveness from Lord Shiva for the bloodshed during the battle. However, Lord Shiva avoided them and took the form of a bull and hid in the ground in Kedarnath. The hump of the bull appeared at this spot, which is now worshipped as the Jyotirlinga.
Kedarnath is considered one of the holiest places for Hindus, and a pilgrimage to this sacred site is believed to cleanse one’s soul of sins and bestow divine blessings. The Jyotirlinga symbolizes the infinite cosmic energy of Lord Shiva and is worshipped with great devotion by pilgrims who undertake the arduous journey to seek His divine blessings.
Temple and Architecture:
The Kedarnath Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, stands amidst breathtaking natural beauty at an altitude of about 3,583 meters (11,755 feet) above sea level. The temple’s architecture is of the North Indian style and is built using large stone slabs and wooden beams. Due to its high altitude and harsh weather conditions, the temple remains open to devotees only from late April to early November during the summer and autumn months.
Pilgrimage and Accessibility:
Kedarnath is not easily accessible by road and requires a trek of approximately 16 kilometers from Gaurikund, the last motorable point. Devotees have the option of trekking or riding on ponies or palanquins. The journey to Kedarnath is not only physically demanding but also spiritually enriching, as pilgrims pass through picturesque landscapes and serene surroundings.
Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga – Pune district, Maharashtra
Nestled in the scenic Sahyadri Mountains of Maharashtra, Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga holds profound religious significance. According to mythology, Lord Shiva incarnated here in the form of Bhima to vanquish the demon Tripurasura. The temple’s ancient roots trace back to the 13th century when it was rebuilt by Nana Phadnavis. A harmonious blend of architectural brilliance and natural beauty, this sacred abode continues to allure pilgrims seeking divine blessings.
Opening and Closing Time:
The Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga temple welcomes devotees from early morning till late evening. The morning darshan begins at 5:00 AM, while evening darshan closes around 9:30 PM.
How to Reach:
Located approximately 110 km from Pune, reaching Bhimashankar is a journey through scenic landscapes. One can travel by road from Pune or Mumbai to Bhimashankar village. Regular buses and private vehicles are available. For those seeking a more adventurous route, trekking through the lush forests offers a unique experience.
Things to Do:
- Seek Blessings: Engage in prayers and seek the divine blessings of Lord Shiva at the Bhimashankar temple, experiencing the serenity that surrounds the Jyotirlinga.
- Nature Walks: Explore the breathtaking beauty of the Western Ghats by taking leisurely walks in the surrounding forests and embrace the tranquility of nature.
- Hanuman Lake: Visit the picturesque Hanuman Lake, a serene spot nestled amidst the hills, adding a touch of serenity to the pilgrimage.
- Wildlife Sanctuary: For nature enthusiasts, the Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary offers a chance to spot various indigenous flora and fauna.
- Nagphani Point: Trek to Nagphani Point, also known as the “Dagdusheth Halwai Temple,” for panoramic views of the Sahyadris.
Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga – Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Situated in the spiritual city of Varanasi, the Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga holds profound significance in Hindu mythology. Referred to as the “Golden Temple,” it is believed to be one of the oldest and holiest temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. The original temple was said to have been constructed by Lord Shiva himself, making it an epitome of divinity and devotion.
Opening and Closing Time: The temple opens its doors for devotees in the early morning at around 3:00 AM and remains accessible until late in the evening, closing around 11:00 PM. The timings may vary during special occasions and festivals.
How to Reach: To reach the Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, pilgrims can take a flight to Varanasi International Airport or arrive by train at Varanasi Junction. From there, the temple is a short distance away and can be reached via local transportation
Things to Do: The temple visit offers a soul-stirring experience for devotees seeking spiritual solace. Witness the captivating Ganga Aarti at the Ghats, where lamps are lit as offerings to the sacred river. Explore the narrow alleys of Varanasi, filled with a unique blend of culture and tradition.
Take a boat ride on the Ganges during sunrise or sunset to absorb the serene ambiance of this ancient city. Embrace the divine energy and seek blessings from Lord Shiva at this cherished Jyotirlinga temple in India.
Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga – Trimbak, Nashik district, Maharashtra
Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga, located in the quaint town of Trimbak in the Nashik district of Maharashtra, is one of the twelve revered Jyotirlinga Temples in India. Nestled amidst the lush greenery of the Sahyadri mountain ranges, this sacred shrine holds immense significance for Hindu devotees and spiritual seekers.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga is renowned for its unique lingam adorned with three distinct faces representing Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Rudra. It is believed that a visit to this holy abode can bestow spiritual liberation and cleanse one’s sins.
The temple’s architecture reflects the captivating blend of traditional North Indian and South Indian styles, showcasing intricate carvings and stunning sculptures. The sacred Godavari River flows nearby, adding to the spiritual aura of the place.
Legend has it that the sacred river Godavari originated from the Brahmagiri Hill near the temple, making it even more sacred. Devotees participate in the age-old tradition of performing ceremonial baths in the Godavari as an act of purification and devotion.
Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga holds a special place during the auspicious Shravan month when thousands of pilgrims throng to witness the grand celebrations and seek blessings from the divine.
With its serene ambiance, rich history, and profound spiritual significance, Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga stands as a symbol of devotion and an eternal source of solace for those seeking divine grace in the heart of Maharashtra.
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga – Deoghar, Jharkhand
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, also known as Vaijnath Jyotirlinga, is one of the twelve sacred Jyotirlingas in Jharkhand, India. This revered temple holds immense significance in Hindu mythology and draws millions of devotees each year.
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga marks the place where the heart of Sati fell. The temple is also associated with the ancient myth of Ravana, who was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva. As per the legend, Ravana performed rigorous penance to obtain a Jyotirlinga from Lord Shiva to establish it in his kingdom, Lanka.
Impressed by his devotion, Lord Shiva granted his wish but on one condition: the Jyotirlinga should not be placed on the ground until it reaches Lanka. Tricked by the gods, Ravana was forced to place the Jyotirlinga in Deoghar. Enraged by this, he tried to uproot it, breaking it into several pieces, which are believed to be scattered around the region.
The Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga temple is a magnificent example of ancient architectural excellence, adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures. The main sanctum houses the Jyotirlinga, a phallic representation of Lord Shiva, which is the central point of worship and devotion. The temple complex also includes shrines dedicated to Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha.
The auspicious occasion of Shravani Mela witnesses an enormous gathering of devotees who undertake a sacred pilgrimage by carrying holy water from the Ganges in Sultanganj to pour over the Jyotirlinga, signifying the spiritual union of the two revered rivers.
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is not only a religious landmark but also a site of cultural and architectural significance. Its timeless presence continues to inspire and nurture the spiritual faith of countless devotees who seek blessings and solace in the divine abode of Lord Shiva.
Nageshwar Jyotirlinga – Dwarka, Gujarat
Nageshwar Jyotirlinga’s history dates back to ancient times, associated with Hindu mythology. It is believed that Lord Krishna’s devotee, Supriya, constructed the temple to honor Lord Shiva’s manifestation as Nageshwar. The sacred shrine holds deep religious significance and remains a revered pilgrimage site in India.
Nageshwar Jyotirlinga temple is open for darshan from early morning till late evening. The timings may vary on specific occasions and festivals.
How to Reach:
Located in Dwarka, Gujarat, Nageshwar Jyotirlinga can be easily reached from major cities in Maharashtra. One can take a flight to Jamnagar Airport or reach Dwarka by train or bus from Mumbai or Pune. Local transportation is available for further travel to the temple.
Things to Do:
- Seek Blessings: Pay homage to Lord Shiva at the sacred Nageshwar Jyotirlinga temple and experience a profound sense of spirituality.
- Attend Aarti: Witness the captivating Aarti rituals that take place multiple times a day, creating a mesmerizing atmosphere of devotion.
- Explore the Surroundings: Enjoy the serene surroundings of the temple, nestled near the coast, offering picturesque views of the Arabian Sea.
- Visit Gopi Talav: A short distance from the temple, explore the historic Gopi Talav, a pond associated with Lord Krishna’s playful activities.
- Engage in Meditation: Find tranquility amidst the spiritual ambiance and indulge in meditation at the temple premises.
- Experience Festivals: Be a part of the vibrant festivities during Shivratri and other important Hindu festivals celebrated with great fervor.
Rameshwar (Ramanathaswamy) Jyotirlinga – Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Rameshwar Jyotirlinga, also known as Ramanathaswamy Temple, holds immense religious significance as one of the 12 sacred Jyotirlinga temples in India. Located in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, this ancient shrine is devoted to Lord Shiva and attracts countless devotees seeking spiritual solace and divine blessings.
The Ramanathaswamy Temple opens its doors to devotees from early morning, allowing them to participate in the sacred rituals and prayers until late in the evening. Specific timings may vary on auspicious days and festivals.
Things to Do:
- Seek Blessings: Offer prayers and seek the divine blessings of Lord Shiva at the Rameshwar Jyotirlinga for peace and prosperity in life.
- Bathing in Agni Theertham: Take a holy dip in the sacred Agni Theertham, the sea situated near the temple, believed to cleanse one’s sins.
- Visit Ramanathaswamy Temple: Explore the magnificent architecture of the temple, featuring intricate carvings and impressive corridors.
- Admire 22 Holy Wells: Discover the 22 teerthams (wells) within the temple complex, each associated with a unique legend and significance.
- Perform Poojas and Rituals: Engage in the various poojas and rituals offered at the temple to enhance spiritual experiences.
- Explore the Island: Explore the serene beauty of Rameswaram Island, which holds historical and mythological significance.
Rameshwar (Ramanathaswamy) Jyotirlinga stands as a sacred pilgrimage destination, where devotion and faith converge to create a profound spiritual experience for visitors and devotees alike.
How to Reach
To reach Rameshwar (Ramanathaswamy) Jyotirlinga in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, you can follow these travel options:
- By Air: The nearest airport to Rameswaram is Madurai International Airport, located approximately 170 kilometers away. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or use public transportation to reach Rameswaram.
- By Train: Rameswaram has a well-connected railway station with trains running from various major cities in India. You can check the availability of trains and book tickets in advance.
- By Road: Rameswaram is well-connected by road to major cities and towns in Tamil Nadu. You can either drive or take a bus to Rameswaram. State-run and private buses regularly operate on this route.
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga – Ellora, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga temples in India, stands as a testament to Lord Shiva’s divine presence. Nestled in Ellora, Maharashtra, this sacred shrine holds immense significance among Hindu devotees and pilgrims.
The Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga temple welcomes devotees from early morning until late evening, allowing visitors to seek blessings and immerse in spiritual serenity.
How to Reach:
Travelers can easily access Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga temple from major cities in Maharashtra. The nearest airport is Aurangabad, and the temple can be reached via taxis or local transportation from there.
Things to Do:
- Worship at the Jyotirlinga: Pay homage to Lord Shiva’s manifestation as Grishneshwar, experiencing a profound sense of spirituality.
- Explore the Temple Complex: Admire the marvelous architecture and intricate carvings that adorn this ancient temple.
- Visit Ellora Caves: Explore the nearby UNESCO World Heritage site of Ellora Caves, renowned for its splendid rock-cut temples and ancient art.
- Partake in Aarti: Witness the captivating Aarti ceremony, where devotion and divine chants fill the air with spiritual energy.
- Experience Festivals: Be part of the vibrant festivities during Mahashivratri and other celebrations, witnessing the temple adorned in colorful decorations.
- Savor Local Cuisine: Relish the local Maharashtrian cuisine available in nearby eateries, offering a delectable gastronomic experience.
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga beckons travelers with its divine allure and cultural richness, providing an unforgettable spiritual journey amid the mystical 12 Jyotirlinga Temples in India.
In conclusion, the 12 Jyotirlinga Temples in India form a celestial constellation of divine energy, revered by millions for their profound spiritual significance. Each temple’s unique architecture and historical tales add to the spiritual allure, attracting pilgrims and seekers alike. Embarking on a pilgrimage to these sacred sites is a transformative journey, fostering deep devotion and connection with the divine.